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初中英语超全的303条结构类型的短语 ,一篇全搞定,三年不用愁!

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发表于 2019-3-27 08:52:51 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
初中英语超全的303条结构类型的短语 ,一篇全搞定,三年不用愁!                绵阳南山中学实验学校   段老师      13890113883(微信同号)
英语/物理/爸爸

1(see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+ do
eg :I like watching monkeys jump
2(比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样
3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)
4agree with sb 赞成某人
5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样
6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界
7along with 同……一道,伴随……
eg : I will go along with you 我将和你一起去
the students planted trees along with their teachers
学生同老师们一起种树
8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样
9 as you can see 你是知道的
10ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西)
eg : ask you for my book
11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么
12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事
ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事
13 at the age of 在……岁时
eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen
14 at the beginning of ……
……的起初;……的开始
15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾
eg : At the end of the day
16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候
17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句
感觉/对什么有信心,自信
eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English
I feel that I can pass the test
18be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时
19be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing
20 be able to do sth 能够干什么
eg :she is able to sing
21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕……
eg : I'm afraed to go out at night
I'm afraid of dog
22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么
eg: I'm allowed to watch TV
我被允许看电视
I should be allowed to watch TV
我应该被允许看电视
23be angry with sb 生某人的气
eg : Don't be angry with me
24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth
为什么而生某人的气
25be as…原级…as 和什么一样
eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高
26be ashamed to
27be away from 远离
28be away from 从……离开
29 be bad for 对什么有害
eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes
在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好
30be born 出生于
31be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事
be busy with sth 忙于……
32be careful 当心;小心
33be different from…… 和什么不一样
34be famous for 以……著名
35be friendly to sb 对某人友好
36be from = come from 来自
eg :He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?
37be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满
eg: the glass is full of water
the glass is filled with water
38 be glad+to+do/从句
39be going to + v(原) 将来时
40be good at(+doing) = do well in
在某方面善长, 善于……
41be good for 对什么有好处
eg : Reading aloud is good for your English
42be happy to do 很高兴做某事
43be helpful to sb 对某人有好处
eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you
大声朗读对你有好处
Exercising is helpful to your bady
锻炼对你的身体有好处
44 be in good health 身体健康
45be in trouble 处于困难中
eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble
46be interested in 对某方面感兴趣
47be late for = come late to 迟到
eg: Be late for class 上课迟到
48be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother
49be mad at 生某人的气
50be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)
51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)
52be not sure 表不确定
53be on a visit to 参观
54be popular with sb 受某人欢迎
55be quiet 安静
56be short for 表**的缩写
eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰
57 be sick in bed 生病在床
58be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb
eg : I am sorry for you
59be sorry to hear that
60 be sorry to trouble sb
eg : I am sorry to trouble you
61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事
eg : He's strict in obeying noles
62be strict with sb 对某人要求严格
eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格
63be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格
64be supposed to do 被要求干什么
65be sure 表确定
66be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心
eg: He is sure of winning
I am sure of learning English well
67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心
eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher
我相信我的大脑(老师)
68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心
eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test
我相信他能通过考试
69 be sure to do sth 一定会做某事
eg: We are sure to pass the test
我们一定会通过这次考试
We are sure to learn English well
我们一定能学好英语
70be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕……
71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事
72be the same as … 和什么一样
73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事
eg: My father is used to getting up early
我爸爸习惯早起
He is used to sleeping in class
他习惯上课睡觉
74 be worth doing 值得做什么
75be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事
be afraid of sth 害怕某物
be afraid that 丛句
76because+句子 because of +短语
eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache
77begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么
eg : Let's begin the game with the song
I begin to go home
78between…and… 两者之间
79borrow sth from sb 向……借……
lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西
eg : I borrowed a pen from him
he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen
80both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同
81bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth
eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station 我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站
the problem has been bothering me for weeks
这个问题困扰了我几个周了
82by the end of 到……为止
83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang
84care 关心
eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?
你为什么不关心国家的未来
85catch up with sb 赶上某人
86chat with sb 和某人闲谈
take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地
87come in 进来
88come over to 过来
89 come up with 提出
eg: Can you come up with a good idea
你能想出一个好办法吗?
90 communicate with sb 和某人交流
91consider + doing 考虑做什么
eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou
为什么不考虑去泸州?
92dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞
93decide to do sth 决定做某事
94do a survey of 做某方面的调查
95do better in 在……方面做得更好
96do wrong 做错
97Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事
98Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……
99 each +名(单)每一个……
eg : Each student has many books
每一个学生都有一些书
100end up +doing
101enjoy +doing 喜欢
102escape from 从……逃跑
eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison
犯人从监狱里逃跑出来
Some gas is escaping from the pipe
有一些气体从管子里冒出
103expect to do sth 期待做某事
104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来
105fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么
106far from 离某地远
eg : The school is far from my home
107find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样
108find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样?
eg : I find the book interesting
109finish 完成+doing(名词)
110fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人
111forget to do 没有做而忘了
forget doing 做了而又忘了
eg: Don't forget to go home
I forget closing door
112 from…to… 从某某到某某
eg: From me for her
113get/have sth down 做完,被(别人)做……
eg: I have my hair cut 我理了发(头发被剪了)
Tom got his bad tooth pulled out
汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)
114get a part-time job = find a part-time job
115get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好
116get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处
117get ready for = be ready for 为什么而准备
eg : I get ready for math
I am ready for math
118get sb in to trouble 给某人麻烦
119 get sb to do sth
120get…from… 从某处得到某物
121give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall
122give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物
123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳
124go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事
125go out away from go out of
126go to school 上学(用于专业的)
go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学)
127good way to 好方法
128hate to do 讨厌没做过的事
hate doing 讨厌做过的事
129have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会
130have a talk 听报告 谈一谈
131have been doing 现在完成进行时
eg : You have been talking
You have been sleeping since
132have been to …( 地方)…去过某过地方
have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来
133have fun +doing 玩得高兴
134have sth to do 有什么事要做
eg: I have a lot of homework to do
我有很多家庭作业要做
I have nothing to do 我没什么事情做
135have to do sth 必须做某事
136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth
做什么事情有麻烦
137have…time +doing
138 have…(时间)…off 放……假
eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假
139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事
140help a lot 很大用处
141help sb with sth one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事
142hope to do sth 希望做某事
143How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)
144how do you like = what do you think of
你对什么的看法
145if : 是否=wether
eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party
我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会
He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning
他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达
146if :如果
eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain
假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州
If they change the plan they will let me know
假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的
I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year
如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国
147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为
148 in some ways 在某些方面
149in the end = finally(adv) 最后
150in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东 )
151in the sun 在太阳下
152increase 增加
eg : They've increased the prece of petrol by 3% 他们把石油价增加了3%
the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now
153instead of +(名 ) 代替
eg: I'd like an apple instead of a pear
我想要苹果,而不要梨子
I like English instead of math
我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学
154introduce sb to sb 介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself 自我介绍
155invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事
156 It takes sb sometime to do sth 做某人花掉某人多少时间
eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework
It takes me half an hour to cook
157It's +adj +for sb to do sth
对某人来说做某事怎么样
158It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样
159It's +adj for sb 对于某人来说怎么样
It's +adj of sb 对某人来说太怎么样
160It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样
It's +adj of sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事太怎么样
eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English
161It's a good idea for sb to do sth
对…… 来说是个好主意
162It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要
eg: It's important to me
163It's time to do sth It's time for sth
到了该去做某事的时间
eg : It's time to have class
It's time for class 该去上课了
164join = take part in 参加
165just now 刚才
166keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语
让什么保持什么样?
167keep out 不让 …… 进入
168keep sb adj 让……保持……
eg: I want to keep my mother happy
keep healthy 保持健康
169key to +名词 表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案
170key to… anser to …
key 可以是答题或钥匙
171laugh at… 取笑……
eg : Don't langh at others
We langhed at the joke
172learn by oneslfe 自学
173learn from sb 向某人学习
eg: We should learn from Lei Feng
174learn to do sth 学做某事
175let sb do sth 让某人做某事
176Let sb down 让某人失望
eg : We shouldn't let our farents down
我们不应该让我们的父母失望
177live from :离某地远
178live in +大地方 /at +小地方 居住在某地
eg: I live in LuZhou She lives at XuanTan
179look after = take care of 照顾 照看
180lose one's way 谁 迷 路
eg : Lose your way 你迷路
181make a decision to do sth 决定做某事
182make friends with sb 和谁成为朋友
eg : I want to make friends with you
183make it early 把时间定的早一点
184make on exhibition of oneself 让某人出洋相
185 make sb /n +n 使什么成为什么
eg : I made her my step moller
I made you my wife
186make sb /sth +adj 使某人(某物)怎么样
eg : You must made your bed clean
187make sb /sth adj 使某人/某物怎么样
188 make sb do sth 让某人做某事
eg : I made him write 我以前让他写
189make up
be made up of (被动语态)由……组成
190 make…difference to…
191mind sb to do
mind one's doing 介意……做什么
192 most +名 most of +代
193much too +形容词
194must be 一定
195need +名词
196need sb do sth 需要某人做某事
197need to do (实义动词) need do (情态动词)
198no /neithr of hate to do
no /neithr of hate doing
199no +名词
200not anymore = no more 再也不……
eg: He didn't cry any more He cried no more 他再也不哭
201not… (形 、副)at all
eg: He's not tall at all
she doesn't junp far at all
202not…at all 一点都不
203not…either 表否定,也不 eg : I don't japanse either I don't have sister, either 我也没有姐姐
204not…until 直到……才……
eg: I didn't sleep until my mother came back
The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar
205offer / provide sb with sth 给某人提供
206offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb 提供什么东西给某人
eg : I offer you water (I offer water to you 我给你提供水
207on one's way to… 在谁去那的路上
208on the one hand 一方面
on the other hand 另一方面
209on the phone = over the phone 用电话交谈
210on time 准时 in time 及时
211 one day =some day =someday
一天,有一天
212 one of +可数名词的复数形式
213one to another 一个到另一个
214 over and over agin 一遍又一遍的
eg : He cleaned the floor over and over agin
215part-time job 兼职工作
fall-time job 全职工作
216pay for… 付……钱
pay the bill 开钱 ,付钱
217please +do
218please help yourself
219pleased with sb
220pool into = pore into
221practice +doing 练习做某事
222prefer sth to sth 相对……更喜欢……
eg : I prefer physics to chemisty
在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理
prefer doing to sth 更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…
eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving
他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车
prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿做…也不愿
eg: My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one 我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车
prefer sb not to do sth 更愿意…
eg: I prefer her not to come 我不喜欢她不来
223pretend to do sth 装着去做什么 pretend that 从句
eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard 这两个骗子装着努力工作
He pretended that he did not know the answer
他装着不知道答案
224 rather…than 宁可……也不……
eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher
我愿肯当医生,也不当老师
He likes dogs rather than cats 他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫
225 regard…as 把……当作……
eg: Please give my best regards to your family 请带我向你的家人我最好的问候
I regard you as my friend 我把你当作我的朋友
He shows little regard for others 他不爱关心别人
226remid sb about sth 提醒某人什么事 remid sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事
eg : he remids me about cooking (he remids me to cook 他提醒我做饭
227remid sb of sth 使某人想起什么
eg : the pictures remind me of my school days 这照片使我想起了我的学校
the words that (which) the teacher talke to remind me of my mother
228return sth to sb 还什么东西给某人
229say to oneself 对自己说
230say to sb 对某人说
231sb spend somemoney on sth
花了多少钱在某事上
232sb spend sometime with sb 花了多少时间陪谁
233sb spend sometime(in) doing sth 花了多少时间做某事
234sb with sb +is sb and sb +are
235see sb do 看见某人做过某事
see sb doing 看见某人正在做某事
236seem to do/be +adj 显得怎么样
eg : You seem to be tired
You seem to be happy
237send +sb sth 送给某人某物
238send…to…把什么寄到哪里去?
239 shock 使……震惊 eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock 啊,是你呀!吓我一跳
240 show sb sth 向某人展示某物 eg : I show her the book.
241show sb sth = show sth to sb 拿什么东西给某人看 eg: Show me your pen Show your pen to me
242show sth to sb 向某人展示某物 eg : I show the book to her.
243 some…others… 一些……另一些……
244start…with… 从……开始
begin…with… 从……开始
245stay away from 远离……
eg : We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo 当我们参观zoo 时,我们要远离动物
246stop doing 停下正在做的事
247stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事
248 stop sb(from) doing 阻止某人做某事
249stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事
250 such +名 这样 ,这种
251suit sb 适合某人
252surprise sb 使某人惊奇
to one's surprise 令某人惊奇
253take classes 上课
254take sb to 把某人带去
eg : I take you to the hospital
255take walks = take a walk = go for a walk 散步
256 ①talk to 对谁说 eg : I talk to you
② talk with 和谁说 eg : I talk with him
③ talk of 谈到 eg : we talked of you
④ talk about 谈论关于……
257talk with sb 和某人说话
258teach sb sth 教某人做某事
259tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事
260tell sb sth tell sb that 丛句
tell sb not to do sth tell a story
261tell sb sth 告诉某人某事
262tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做什么
tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做什么
263tell…from…
264thank you for +doing
265the same +名词(doing)+as……
266the same…(名)…as
as…(adj adv)…as 相同
267the way to do sth =
the way of doing sth 做某方面 的方法
the way to +地方 去哪的路
e g : Do you know the way to learn English
Do you know the way of learning English
268the way to…(地点) 到哪的路
269too…to… 太怎样而不能……
adj +enough to 足够…能…
so…that +丛句 太… 所以…
eg: He is too young to go to school = He is so young that he can't go to school
He is old enough to go to school = He is so old that he can go to school
270transalte ……into…… 把什么翻译成什么
eg : Trasalte English into chinese
271travel with sb 和某人去旅游
272try one's best to do sth 尽某人最大的努力去做某事 eg: I will try my best to learn English well
273try to do sth 想干什么,但没成功
try doing sth 想干什么,已经做过了
eg :He tried to climb 他想爬上去,但没成功
He tried climbing 他想爬上去
274 try…试衣服 have a try 试一下
275 turn down 开小 ←→ turn up 开大
276turn off 关上 ←→ turn on 打开 open 拆开
277upside down 倒着
278 visit to… 参观某个地方
279wait for sb 等某人
280 wait for sb to do sth 等某人做什么 wait for sb 等某人 wait for sometime 等多少时间
eg : Would you please wait for me to get ready
等我准备好,好吗?
Let's wait for the rain to stop 让我们等雨停吧
281wake sb up 把某人叫醒
282want to do sth 想做某事
283watch sb do sth 观看某人做某事
284 welcome to +…(地方) 欢迎到……
285what about +n /doing eg : what about an apple
286 what if 如果……怎么办 What if +句子
eg : What if it is true ? 如果是真的怎么办?
What if aliens should come to the earth
假如外星人来到地球怎么办?
287 what they will do = what to do
288 What's the matter ? = What's the trouble ?
= What's wrong ? 有什么困难?
289while +延续性动词
290why don't you do = why not do
291will you please do will you please not do
292 with one's best = with the help of sb 在某人的帮助下
293 with the help of sb 在某人的帮助下 with one's help
294work at…在某处工作
295work with sb 和某人一起工作
296would like sth /to do sth
eg : I would like to go to LuZhou
297would you please +do
298yet :至今 ,用在否定句中
299you'd better do 最好做某事 =
you'd better not do 最好不要做某事
300不定式 +v(原)
301 联系动词(taste吃起来/sound听起来/look看起来/semll闻起来)+adj
302名词、副词、 形容词修饰 enongh 时, 形容词放在之前 , 名词 副词放在之后
303 太多 too much +不可数
too many +可数
much too 相当于 very ,修饰形容词



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